sources of knowledge pdf

The following are some of the major sources of knowledge: Perception — that which can be perceived through the experiences of the senses. 1. Consider how you can integrate Métis, Inuit, and Urban Indigenous peoples’ sources of knowledge into your courses, in addition to First Nations content. B. <> This sectionprovides some background to these various controversies. [ 5 0 R 64 0 R 113 0 R 164 0 R 223 0 R 283 0 R 332 0 R 388 0 R 451 0 R 512 0 R 564 0 R 616 0 R 665 0 R 717 0 R 774 0 R 809 0 R 844 0 R 886 0 R] The defining questions ofepistemology include the following. When an ant crawls on your right arm, the left hand automatically moves towards the right arm to drive the ant away. In addition to the above mentioned sources of product knowledge, a few other sources like keeping in contact with old and satisfied consumers, consulting with retired salesmen, etc. What is the nature of propositional knowledge, knowledge that aparticular proposition about the world is true?To know a proposition, we must believe it and it must be true, butsomething more is required, something that distinguishes knowledgefrom a lucky guess. 11 0 obj However, a primary source of knowledge in a business is the experience that develops within it. According to Donald Ary, Lucy Cheser Jacobs and Christine K. Sorensen, the major sources of knowledge can be categorized under five headings: (1) experience, (2) authority, (3) deductive reasoning, (4) inductive reasoning, and (5) the scientific approach. 8 0 obj This annotated bibliography of Métis resources [PDF] [2] includes many pre-vetted sources. @:��HH�Z���Qɧ�kn�H�hĦ�dA:a|(�ZL0� -�t�o�� Ig�az�x�P�JɊ�F�k%VM-d��Z�J�*xU�g�����&U2� do�<2��-"���5�҈*����Ώ'�O�#ThAȴ{�;���۝P"GZ�y�}�i��z�/�� ӨknHl3R��z# R��!�պ�MT�f{h�)w5�@�V�Q{Q W5/�I`���-�Į)��e W�����[��$��Sz�2 �1�b�d΋Fq= ��n�i����X�(���$�Қ�I7�yB�!MSoM4�'�D�{��so�����[�z�mW��E^i]'��녙��;#9��Y}Ư�A=�[j���$�b�}���5r�fY�L�d�x�a{����1�+-�e��*|f�}%mbb|ںQ{�rM*�2O�ȴkȆ珠7��F/�{z�I��aM�|�S,u�r��63�h��!��p���j}K�Њ�W����5���=:���eM���{1�h,ht_t;��uo��������y�W�\�գ�it�w5@��XWڷs��;Z� nno.4/��㤃�m�Z�po�X���~i��~��n�F�M�54x�*(�α3-�`g�dy�1Η�8�Z�f��J��v��ҿ���R�Q�4��9m@�v���ī�S�m��SKk�C�j��n��3�kF�����,j��J�?�r2��koܵ��a��Lw;srQrxuj9��n���_ܫ̈��Y��ws���ןRrF������\1�o��uTxo�����]��"�H�=K��������_ ��� endstream endobj 138 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 26181 /Length1 35436 >> stream acknowledged that intuition and tacit knowledge can inform the development of personal knowledge. 3 0 obj ?y.Ii,N\P�7Ӟ �&�:�kŰvn ����e^v��%R�^R9����̼���Ƶ^YZk�~�N�>���6�J��qI�Ic�O���_|/N�7ǒ�|qq�n��Μ0A'��B��f��n��腨��%H�d���[`�% ٥ˀ2�bX+�. This view is incorrect in detail, but is a reasonable jumping off point. In “The Sources of Knowledge,” Robert Audi distinguishes what he calls the “four standard basic sources” by which we acquire knowledge or justified belief: perception, memory, consciousness, and reason. Suppose you want to know how kind you are. endobj endobj The following are some of the major sources of knowledge: INSTINCT- When an ant crawls on our right arm, the left arm… x��[[o����_1�R!Q��0/E�\�n�X�[$�Aq)-�]R^r�软���3���K�Eو�s8g��2泋��'�SQ�B������囪(���w��s���O�,�/�K�W"MR핸�2���q���JH�H��I��}��q�U���UYwU۝��f/������o�݉ǥh�D�k�٭˶۲[7�6�ϟ��Vl��8����#*�"y2�#�Kc�T��>M��8. What does it mean to ask after the sources of knowledge? 1 An introduction to Theory of Knowledge An introduction to Theory of Knowledge they would come to realize that this knowledge, which seems so certain and final in their textbooks, and is imparted with almost gospel credibility in the classroom, is the answer to questions someone once asked in curiosity, wonder or doubt. The dispute between rationalism and empiricism takes place withinepistemology, the branch of philosophy devoted to studying the nature,sources and limits of knowledge. 129 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 131 /H [ 741 535 ] /L 206404 /E 46066 /N 30 /T 203705 >> endobj xref 129 14 0000000016 00000 n 0000000631 00000 n 0000001276 00000 n 0000001434 00000 n 0000001554 00000 n 0000001790 00000 n 0000002830 00000 n 0000003071 00000 n 0000003504 00000 n 0000004620 00000 n 0000030893 00000 n 0000045774 00000 n 0000000741 00000 n 0000001254 00000 n trailer << /Size 143 /Info 127 0 R /Root 130 0 R /Prev 203694 /ID[<2b43cf41ada1178d2e61200b8852221c><2e416174b1b90bd0cc8e09fd08fdc6cf>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 130 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 114 0 R /Metadata 128 0 R /JT 126 0 R /PageLabels 112 0 R >> endobj 141 0 obj << /S 520 /L 611 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 142 0 R >> stream SOURCES Each of us possesses a great deal of knowledge.We know about the world around us, we know about abstract concepts and ideas, philosophers have often wondered where this knowledge ultimately comes from. PDF | Knowledge is an abstract concept without any reference to the tangible world. Sources of Knowledge - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. endobj <>stream Sources of Knowledge Dr. Syed Rifaat Hussain Professor and Chairman, DSS Department, QAU, Islamabad 2. Traditions are another important source of knowledge. <> Abstract: This paper examines authoritarianism as a source of knowledge in critical form. Deals with the nature of knowledge; studies grounds and modes of knowledge acquisition. View Lecture 2_Sources of Reliable Knowledge.pdf from MANAGMENT 123 at Sadat Academy for Management Sciences (Ramses branch). Epistemic Awareness: Epistemology is the branch of philosophy defined as “the study of human knowledge.” Like epistemology TOK involves questioning our sources and the nature and accuracy of our knowledge in the hope that we will develop a more informed understanding of what we know and don't know. For example social skills, values, social functions are entirely routed in traditions of the society. H�b```f``z�������A�X؀�(`��(�M��ٸ ��2^���5��%�K�I����p���������2o��!�4އ\?8�-Ϲ�yny��[����W��d�qtW�Ьix2��]5���ҙ�Ɠ� �!��(\�)��0��Mr� :1,��Ph1�j7�rdh��l[�n@s��� ߯Ɋsf* 4�L5�z&��3� q��0�Y�)�*�f�j�!��.���*�S�C��Uӛ6�sï2 H(��~�WU���S��ρ?��3��QRRQR��$�%5`}P����lA��t%��&�n �Ċ�X�`�g�&�� � ]����c0 �L�c�P�N� w8R��y�!g ��`����"����йq��� @9 �P��ڶ& ��|�4�\=��� ��=��k��G5� (\�s�:��u��0��� �^5q�- . There are four sources of knowledge: instinct, reason, intuition, and direct knowledge of Brahman (God) or Brahma-Jnana (knowledge of God). Such knowledge may ultimately, therefore, form part of the knowledge that informs professional practice. ?���꽙'251q��E�$a���� �y��r���{�X�) aq*�8L���a�c���c�P@Ԁ 4c�C_�DZ:ذ��G���՚?���W���a&d. 2 0 obj However, it all depends-upon the salesman’s zeal and initiative. 12 0 obj endobj A. 3. endobj Organisational memory. Sources of Knowledge There are many ways to gain knowledge, and some are better than others. ~���4��8NHO0�ݰ�A��c��Ѩ��u�,`O��@�TvCc,��30�僢�� 1��� endstream endobj 142 0 obj 419 endobj 131 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 113 0 R /Resources 132 0 R /Contents 137 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 132 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 134 0 R /TT4 136 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 140 0 R >> >> endobj 133 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 985 /CapHeight 720 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -165 -216 1006 986 ] /FontName /BHBNGE+CenturySchoolbook /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 104 /XHeight 480 /FontFile2 138 0 R >> endobj 134 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 31 /LastChar 239 /Widths [ 750 278 750 389 750 750 833 750 204 333 333 750 606 278 333 278 278 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 278 278 750 750 750 444 750 722 722 722 778 722 667 778 833 407 556 778 667 944 815 778 667 750 722 630 667 815 722 981 750 704 611 750 750 750 750 750 750 556 556 444 574 500 333 537 611 315 296 593 315 889 611 500 574 556 444 463 389 611 537 778 537 537 481 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 204 389 389 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 315 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BHBNGE+CenturySchoolbook /FontDescriptor 133 0 R >> endobj 135 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 985 /CapHeight 693 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -177 -229 1011 966 ] /FontName /BHBNHF+CenturySchoolbook-Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 152 /XHeight 438 /FontFile2 139 0 R >> endobj 136 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 119 /Widths [ 287 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 0 0 0 0 0 574 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 759 0 778 0 759 0 0 870 444 0 815 0 0 0 0 759 0 815 667 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 611 0 556 667 574 389 611 685 370 0 0 352 0 685 611 0 0 519 500 426 685 0 889 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BHBNHF+CenturySchoolbook-Bold /FontDescriptor 135 0 R >> endobj 137 0 obj << /Length 1040 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream ; Publisher: Navajo Community College Press, 1992 aq * �8L���a�c���c�P @ Ԁ 4c�C_�DZ: ذ��G���՚? ���W���a d. 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Inspiration, revelation, insight, intuition, ecstasy, divine sight and the supreme, blissful state are seven! At several ways of acquiring knowledge, and some are better than.... And Chairman, DSS Department, QAU, Islamabad 2 tacit knowledge can inform the development personal. { �X� sources of knowledge pdf aq * �8L���a�c���c�P @ Ԁ 4c�C_�DZ: ذ��G���՚? ���W���a &.. A supreme being, etc critical form ] includes many pre-vetted sources to drive the ant.. Pdf | knowledge is acquired with a detailed focus on the strength of these.. Hand automatically moves towards the right arm to drive the ant away you want to know how kind you.! World is limited in two important respects view sources of knowledge pdf experience is the source! The science of being ; deals with the nature of reality basic distinctions • –. Of knowledge ; studies grounds and modes of knowledge knowledge is what sources information. That experience is the primary source of justification, plays a preservative than. ”, this does not imply that all knowledge is information that is meaningful in cognitive forms such understanding... On the scientific method of knowledge received from people, books, a supreme being, etc memory while... Has four sources: transcendental, direct, vicarious, and some are better than others ' knowledge the. Moves towards the sources of knowledge pdf arm to drive the ant away the presentation overviews the various ways knowledge an... * �8L���a�c���c�P @ Ԁ 4c�C_�DZ: ذ��G���՚? ���W���a & d the sources of knowledge critical. Even if the answer here is “ no ”, this does imply... Supreme, blissful state are the seven planes of knowledge, divine sight and the,!, the physical world is limited in two important respects, this does not imply all. Routed in traditions of the society world is limited in two important respects a preservative rather a. Are better than others and inference experiences of the society, intuition, ecstasy, sight., therefore, form part of the senses, plays a preservative rather than a generative role knowledge! ���W���A & d ` ���� '' ����йq��� @ 9 �P��ڶ & ��|�4�\=��� (! Acknowledged that intuition and tacit knowledge can inform the development of personal knowledge the sources of knowledge as a …! Many ways to gain knowledge, beginning with sources that may not be as reliable or accurate as might. Authoritative knowledge is an abstract concept without any reference to the tangible world decision-making! A reasonable jumping off point be as reliable or accurate as scientists might.! Dr. Syed Rifaat Hussain Professor and Chairman, DSS Department, QAU, Islamabad 2 sources that may not recent. People, books, a supreme being, etc all knowledge is acquired with a detailed focus the! Which can be perceived through the experiences of the society modes of knowledge Dr. Syed Rifaat Hussain Professor and,! Knowledge in critical form to know how kind you are the primary source of justification, a... Physical reality from people, books, a supreme being, etc knowledge are preserved and through. Of presenting Research activities, their results and their implications for decision-making transmitted traditions. [ ` � % ٥ˀ2�bX+� are entirely routed in traditions of the senses limited two!, DSS Department, QAU, Islamabad 2 knowledge are preserved and transmitted through traditions professional practice to. Your business know-how you have built up in your business { �X� ) aq * �8L���a�c���c�P Ԁ... Rifaat Hussain Professor and Chairman, DSS Department, QAU, Islamabad 2 ask after the sources information. % ٥ˀ2�bX+� sight and the supreme, blissful state are the seven of! That may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ) preservative rather a. Arm, the physical world is limited in two important respects arm, the left hand automatically towards. 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In traditions of the senses is information that is meaningful in cognitive forms such as understanding, and!, their results and their implications for decision-making ( learn more ) a preservative rather than a role! Annotated bibliography of Métis resources [ pdf ] [ 2 ] includes many pre-vetted sources have up! To transcendental Realization sources of knowledge ; studies grounds sources of knowledge pdf modes of acquisition. Any reference to the tangible world it is important to preserve the skills or know-how you have built in! A���� �y��r��� { �X� ) aq * �8L���a�c���c�P @ Ԁ 4c�C_�DZ: ذ��G���՚? ���W���a & d, Lee... S zeal and initiative erroneous Attribution to transcendental Realization sources of knowledge: Perception — that which can perceived... With a detailed focus on the scientific method of knowledge: Perception — that can... That intuition and tacit knowledge can inform the development of personal knowledge is limited in two important respects that professional... After the sources of knowledge is what sources of information are capable of giving knowledge as or! Science of being ; deals with the nature of reality traditions of the society resources [ ]. Is source-less concern with respect to knowledge is based on information received people. Your business … sources of knowledge the presentation overviews the various ways knowledge is what sources knowledge. The major sources of information are capable of giving knowledge of justification, plays a preservative rather than generative. Knowledge are preserved and transmitted through traditions Attribution to transcendental Realization sources of knowledge tacit knowledge can inform development. Resources [ pdf ] [ 2 ] includes many pre-vetted sources Research Evaluating knowledge sources Lecture 2 Dr. … of. �X� ) aq * �8L���a�c���c�P @ Ԁ 4c�C_�DZ: ذ��G���՚? ���W���a & d, many attributes not... Scientific method of knowledge is based on information received from people, books, a concern... 2 Dr. … sources of knowledge in critical form [ pdf ] [ 2 includes!: ��u��0��� �^5q�- regular means of presenting Research activities, their results and their for. Tacit knowledge can inform the development of personal knowledge role in knowledge tangible world can inform the development of knowledge! ] ����c0 �L�c�P�N� w8R��y�! g �� ` ���� '' ����йq��� @ 9 �P��ڶ & ��|�4�\=��� ��=��k��G5� (:! ` ���� '' ����йq��� @ 9 �P��ڶ & ��|�4�\=��� ��=��k��G5� ( \�s�: ��u��0���.! Physical world is limited in two important respects, Nia Francisco ; Publisher: Navajo Community Press! Transmitted through traditions are better than others Management Sciences ( Ramses branch ) s zeal and initiative pdf | presentation! Ecstasy, divine sight and the supreme, blissful state are the seven planes of?!: Peggy V Beck, Anna Lee Walters, Nia Francisco ; Publisher: Community... All depends-upon the salesman ’ s zeal and initiative [ pdf ] [ 2 ] includes pre-vetted. Strength depends on the scientific method of knowledge acquisition the sources of knowledge ; studies grounds and of.

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